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Alcazaba - Monuments

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Alcazaba

The Alcazaba of Malaga is a historically important stronghold, which has become a tourist attraction that combines history and beauty. This Muslim citadel is strategically positioned at the foot of Mount Gibralfaro, adjacent to the Moorish defensive castle, connected by the sheltered corridor of walls known as La Coracha.

The Alcazaba is close to the Roman Theatre and opposite the Customs building, which represents a fusion of Roman, Moorish and Renaissance cultures in a compact space, creating an exceptional sight.

The history of the Alcazaba

The Alcazaba was built between 1057 and 1063 by order of the Berber Taifa king of Granada, Badis. Over time, the Alcazaba has experienced the rule of various dynasties, from the Almoravids to the Almohads, until its incorporation into the Nasrid kingdom in 1279 under Muhammad II Ben al-Ahmar.

Its Nasrid architecture combines defence and aesthetics through rectangular courtyards, gardens and ponds,
exhibiting how masterful the Arab architects were at manipulating light and shadow in their interior spaces.

This Muslim military landmark, which has been preserved as one of the most significant works in Spain, integrates defensive elements such as machicolations, watchtowers with arrow slits and crenellated walls, taking advantage of its strategic location to visually dominate the city and the bay from its balconies.

Over the centuries, multiple reconstructions were carried out, some as late as the 20th century, and today it can be visited, displaying important archaeological exhibits. During the initial excavations for its restoration, remains of Roman walls covered with reddish stucco and small pools dug in slate, used for the preparation of Garum, a fish paste made by the Romans, were found. A dungeon was also discovered where Christian female captives who worked during the day were kept.


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